The Oldest and Stoutest Trees in the World

Published by in science
15th Jun 2008
  1. Norway Spruce

  2. Considered to be the oldest tree in the world is the Norway spruce or Picea abies which is 9,550 years old. It was named Old Tjikko. The tree stands 5 meters (16 ft) tall and is located on Fulu Mountain of Dalarna province in Sweden. For thousands of years, the tree appeared in a stunted shrub formation due to the harsh extremes of the environment in which it lives. During the warming of the last century, the tree has sprouted into a regular tree formation.

  3. Great Basin Bristlecone Pine

  4. The second oldest tree is the Great Basin Bristlecone Pine known as Methuselah is 4,844 years old. Great Basin bristlecone pines are remarkable for their great age and their ability to survive adverse growing conditions. In fact, it seems one secret to their longevity is the harsh environment in which most bristlecone pines grow.

  5. Alerce

  6. This Alerce or Fitzroya cupressoides is the species with the third oldest verified age, a specimen in Chile being measured by ring count as 3,622 years old.

  7. Giant Sequoia

  8. The fourth oldest three is the Giant Sequoia or Sequoiadendron giganteum which is 3,266 years old.

  9. Huon Pine

  10. The fifth oldest tree is the Huon Pine or Lagarostrobos franklinii with an age of 2,500 years. This Tasmania’s endemic tree is famous around the world as an extremely durable boat-building timber and as a beautiful, golden-colored, easily workable furniture timber. Its durability is due to the presence of unique oil, methyl euganol, which permeates the wood, making it virtually impervious to rot and giving the timber a distinctive sweet smell.

  11. Rocky Mountains Bristlecone Pine

  12. And the sixth oldest tree is the Rocky Mountains Bristlecone Pine which is 2,435 years old. This is a pine in the bristlecone pine group, native to the U.S., where it occurs in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and northern New Mexico, with an isolated population in the San Francisco Peaks in Arizona. It occurs at very high altitudes, from 2,500-3,700 meters, in cold, dry sub-alpine climate conditions, often at the tree line, although it also forms extensive closed-canopy stands at somewhat lower elevations. Other species suspected of reaching exceptional age include European Yew or plicata. The oldest reported age for an angiosperm tree is 2,293 years for the Sri Maha Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) planted in 288 B.C. at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka; this is also the oldest human-planted tree with a known planting date.

  13. Montezuma Cypress

  14. The stoutest tree in the world is the Montezuma cypress with a diameter at breast height or dbh of 11.62 meters (38.1 ft). It is located in Oaxaca, Mexico. It is popularly known as the Tule Tree located in the church grounds in the town center of Santa Maria del Tule in the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It has the stoutest trunk of any tree in the world.

  15. Giant Sequoia

  16. The second stoutest tree in the world is the General Grant Tree a Giant Sequoia or Sequoiadendron giganteum with a dbh of 8.85 meters (29 ft) located in the Grant Grove section of Kings Canyon National park. The General Grant tree stands 81.1 meters and its diameter is 8.85 meters. Its circumference at the base including broad root buttresses is 32.8 m (108 ft). It has an estimated age of 1,650 years.

  17. Coast Redwood

  18. Read more in « Nine Newest Discovered Sea CreaturesSeven Interesting Facts About Bats »

    The third stoutest tree in the world is this Coast Redwood or Sequoia sempervirens with a dbh of 7.44 meters (24.4 ft). It is located in Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, California, United States.

These are the certified oldest and stoutest trees in the world.

For more amazing and interesting trees see

Spectacular Trees From Around the World

  • Ruby Hawk

    The life span of some tress are amazing. Thank goodness for that.

  • william rodriguez II

    another interesting article.

  • AJ Garcia

    fantastic life span… very informative.

  • salvatore

    I never stop learning, well done Buddy

  • tracy sardelli

    Great article, very interesting, thank you for sharing

  • PR Mace

    Thanks for all your hard work and again great pictures. You love your trees. So do I.

  • Alexa Gates

    Great article! I never knew trees had so much history!

  • Lucy Lockett

    The stories they could tell if given a voice! Nice work.

  • MindIt

    It’s amazing to know that that Norway Spruce has seen more than thirty generations of humans…great article

  • dizzley

    Good report – the Fortingall Yew in Scotland is dated as 2000-5000 years old and is the oldest tree in Europe.

  • Dave Killen

    While maybe not the oldest trees individually, the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis) was thought to be extinct until it was re-discovered in 1994 in a remote valley of the Blue Mountains west of Sydney, Australia. Fossil evidence of the Wollemi Pine, goes back to the mid-Cretaceous, and possibly even the early Cretaceous period some 110 million years ago.

  • chris capodici

    Just thought you might like to know that a living huon pine tree in southwest tasmania has been dated to be 3,100 years old.Information sourced from the DVD the oldest living tasmanian the huon pine,but who knows there could be older trees around that have been missed by the loggers axe.

  • kashuna williams

    these are some ugly trees

  • kerwin

    if only the trees could speak!!! we can prove to the people that the bible tells the truth!!!

  • Carlos

    What about “The Senator” in Florida, the oldest bald cypress in the world?